Amir Luthfi, Faisal Yunus, Prasenohadi, Joedo Prihartono
Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta
Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia
Background: Air pollution due to road traffic is a serious health hazard and thus the traffic policeman who is continuously exposed to pollutant, may be at an increased risk which will significantly influence lung function. This study determined the factors that affect lung function of traffic policemen working in the area of East Jakarta.
Methods: This study in East Jakarta is a part of the major research in the areas of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi (JABODETABEK) on October until November 2012 by cross sectional study. This study has assessed respiratory clinical symptoms using questionnaires of Pneumobile Project Indonesia, examined spirometry lung function, chest x-ray, and expiratory CO measurement.
Results: A total of 170 subjects were included in this study. Most of them aged 41 to 50 years (48,2%), were over weight (80,6%), active smokers (54,1%), had low Brinkman Index (44,2%), have worked more than 10 years (77,6%), did not use mask (65,3%), and had normal chest x ray (98,8%). Results of Spirometry examination showed mild restriction in 17 subjects (10,0%), mild obstruction in 7 subjects (4,1%) and mixed problems in 2 subjects (1,2%). There are significant association between age, Brinkman Index with lung function (p<0,05).
Conclusion: This study showed that age and Brinkman Index significantly affected lung function. (J Respir Indo. 2014; 34:87-94)
Key words: lung function, traffic policemen, vehicle pollution.