Category archives for Lung Infection

Profile of Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels in Confirmed Tuberculosis HIV Coinfection

Budi Yanti, Laksmi Wulandari Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala, RSUD Dr. Zainoel Abidin, Banda Aceh Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya Abstract Background: Diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in HIV-infected patients is often difficult due to several reasons: frequently negative sputum smear; atypical radiographical […]

Tuberculosis with Eosinophilic Mass and Dark Brown Particles

Delyuzar1, M. Najib Dahlan Lubis1, Zainuddin Amir2, Lia Kusumawati3 1Departemen Patologi Anatomik, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan 3Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan Abstract Background: Sputum smear examination and X-ray images have been used to identify pulmonary tuberculosis patients. For extrapulmonary […]

The Relationship of Smoking Degree with Sputum IFN-γ Levels in Smear-Positive Pulmonary TB Patients

Irmi Syafa’ah, Winariani K Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya Abstract Background: Tuberculosis and smoking aretwo major health problems in the world. Indonesia ranks as the second highest country in term of TB cases and ranked 4th as the highest cigarettes consumers in the world. Exposure to smoking […]

Evidence Based Medicine Case Report: Two Times Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) Sputum Examination VS Three Times AFB Sputum Examination in The Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Kolanda Maria, Jaswin Dhillon, Linda Apriel Rolobessy, Mulkan Azhary, Vebiyanti Tentua, RR Diah Handayani, Jamal Zaini Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) still rely on the acid-fast bacilli (AFB) sputum smear. Pulmonary TB with three times sputum smear sometimes difficult to obtain […]

Case Report of Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Pott’s Disease with Paraplegia Grade III

Astuti Setyawati1, Yusup Subagio Sutanto1, Harsini1, Ratih Kusumadewi2, Rieva Ermawan3 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 2Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 3Divisi Bedah Orthopedi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Pott’s disease is […]

Effect of Pravastatin on Serum Level of IL-6, Procalcitonin, and Duration to Clinical Improvement in Pneumonia Patients

Jan Yanto Lydwines Purba,1,2 Reviono,1 Suradi,1 Harsini,1 Jatu Aphridasari1 1. Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 2. Program Pasca Sarjana Minat Kedokteran Keluarga Biomedik Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease caused by pathogen microbes. Inflamation reaction aimed […]

Correlation Between Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia and Elevated Serum Levels of Lactate Dehydrogenase in HIV

Elizabeth Vania, Tutik Kusmiati Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya Abstract Background: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii. The diagnosis of PCP is difficult since causative organism can not be cultured, and the diagnosis is based […]

Factors Affecting Sputum Conversion in New Cases of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients New Cases with Diabetes Mellitus

Iceu Dimas Kulsum,1 Erlina Burhan,1 Rochismandoko2 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta 2Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) continues to increase in developing countries where TB is endemic. Immunocompromised due to DM increases the risk of TB infection and delayed […]

Characteristics and Etiology of Pleura Effusion in Arifin Achmad Hospital Pekanbaru

Indra Yovi,1 Dewi Anggraini,2 Suci Ammalia3 1SMF/KJF Pulmonologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, RSUD Arifin Achmad, Riau 2KJF Mikkrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau 3Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Abstract Background: The etiology of pleural effusion is variable, but “unknown etiology”, obtained up to 20% of cases in various studyreports. Patients with pleural effusion require early and proper […]

Accuracy of Urine LAM TB Antigen Test as an Alternative Method of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Diagnosis; Evidence-based Case Report

Hafizh A Boenjamin,1 Ikrar Syahmar,1 Joseph Prasetyo,1Nadim Marchian,1 Theresia Rini,1 Jamal Zaini2 1Program Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) cases are found in many developing countries, such as Indonesia. The diagnosis of TB still depends on microscopic examination of sputum […]

Bronchiectasis with Sepsis and Respiratory Failure

Farah Fatmawati1, Menaldi Rasmin2 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD dr. Soetomo, Surabaya 2 Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Bronchiectasis is diagnosed based on high resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT) image, with specific criteria that the internal diameter of the bronchus […]

The Effect of zinc for 5 Day on endothelin-1, Tumor Necrosis Factor-Α and Clinical Improvement in Patients with Pneumonia

Agung Dewantara, Suradi, Reviono, Ana Rima, Harsini, Jatu Aphridasari Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, RSUD dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Program Pasca Sarjana Minat Kedokteran Keluarga Biomedik Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, RSUD dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Many attempts to find out the prognostic of pneumonia, one off them […]

Conversion Failure at The End of DOTS Intensive Phase among Acid Fast Bacilli Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Reny Setiowati,1 Dumilah Ayuningtyas2 1Rumah Sakit Umum Banten 2Departemen Administrasi Kebijakan Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia Abstract Background: Indonesia ranks ninth out of twenty-seven countries which has the burden of multi drug resistance (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in the world. The failure of conversion in TB patients was one of the contributing factor to anti […]

Plasma suPAR Level and Clinical Characteristics as Predicting Factors for the Result of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Culture in Suspected MDR-TB Patients

Triwahju Astuti,1 Tri Yudani Mardining Raras,2 Dian Nugrahenny,3 Rahadi Widodo1 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 2Laboratorium Biomedik, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 3Laboratorium Farmakologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang Abstract Background: In suspected MDR-TB patients with smear AFB remains positive after treatment, the results of mycobacterial culture are not always […]

The Challenge Of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment With Complications Of Multiple Giant Bullae and Empyema Necessitans On 38 Years Old Female

Ben Ben Irwandi, Parluhutan Siagian Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP H. Adam Malik, Medan Abstract Resistance to tuberculosis (TB) drugs is a formidable obstacle to effective TB care and prevention globally. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis treatment which is exacerbated by multiple giant bullae dan empyema necessitans would add to the […]

Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) of Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment Among TB Patients

Reni,1,2 Tri Yunis Miko Wahyono,1 Yulismar3 1Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia 2Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan 3Perkumpulan Pemberantasan Tuberkulosis Indonesia Wilayah DKI Jakarta Abstract Background: In 2015, Indonesia was ranked 2nd out of 20 countries with the highest tuberculosis patients in the world. Long term exposure to anti-tuberculosis medication and polypharmacy increase risk of ADR […]

Effect of Omega 3 Fatty Acids to Procalcitonin Concentration and Survival of Clinical Community Pneumonia Patient

Susanto Eko Prasetyo,1 Reviono,2 Suradi2 1 Mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis I Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta 2 Staff Pengajar Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis I Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: Diagnosis of pneumonia will be fast if using biomarkers such as procalcitonin. The main objective […]

Profile of Patients Coinfected TB – HIV

Made Agustya Darma Putra Wesnawa, I Nyoman Nama Putra Bagian/SMF Paru RSUD Buleleng Abstract Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is common in patient with HIV infection. Clinical symptoms, acid fast bacilli, chest radiography are often unspecific for TB. Aim of this study was to describe TB-HIV coinfection patients according to clinical symptoms, acid fast bacilli, chest radiography, […]

Primary Resistant Tuberculosis Cases in Health Care Facility

Asmalina,1 Parluhutan Siagian,2 Rina Yunita,3 Zainuddin Amir,2 Tetty Aman Nasution3 1Magister Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan 3Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Abstract Background: Cases of resistance becomes a problem for the prevention and control of […]

Smoking Effect to Sputum Conversion of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients Category I

Masdewi Wahyuni,1 Zainuddin Amir,2 Rina Yunita,3 Widi Rahardjo,2 Alwinsyah Abidin4 1Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan 3Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan, 4Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP […]

Combating Tuberculosis in Disaster Affected Areas: Lesson Learnt from Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Phenomenon after 8 Years of Tsunami in Aceh

Tristia Rinanda,1 Mulyadi2 1Bagian Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala Abstract The tsunami on December 26, 2004 has provided a tremendous impact for the people of Aceh. One of the real impacts of the disaster was an increase in mortality and morbidity of infectious diseases, […]

Interleukin-10-1082G/A Gene Polymorphism as a Potential Host Susceptibility Factor in Patients with Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis

Novita Eva Sawitri,1 Reviono,1 Suradi,1 Afiono Agung Prasetyo2 1Bagian Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 2Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: This study was conducted to determine the association between polymorphism of interleukin (IL)-10 -1082G/A gene on susceptibility of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Polymorphism […]

The Association of N-Acetylcysteine Administration with the Level of Glutathion, Interferon Gamma and Body Mass Index in Pulmonary TB Patients

Reviono, Suradi, Sukarti Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: The levels of glutathione (GSH) and IFN-γ are low in pulmonary TB patients. Administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) can increase intracellular GSH levels and IFN-γ, so that can inhibit the growth of M. tuberculosis. Methods: This study was clinical trial […]

Comparison Acid Fast Bacilli Smear Microscopy Examination with Xpert MTB/RIF in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Who Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Sukara Safril Kusuma Jaya¹, Erlina Burhan¹, Rochsismandoko², Cahyarini³ ¹Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ²SMF Penyakit Dalam, Divisi Metabolik dan Endokrin, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ³SMF Mikrobiologi, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Background: The relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has long been known. People with DM have […]

Knowledge of Private General Practitioners About Management of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Pekanbaru

Indra Yovi¹, Dewi Anggraini², Dede Yolla Maulidya³, Mutiara Dwi Murni³, Putri Bella Wijaya³, Widya Putri³, Zhana Daisya Triani³ ¹Bagian Paru, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau ²Bagian Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau ³Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Abstract Background: Indonesia is a country with the forth high burden pulmonary tuberculosis cases world […]