Category archives for Lung Infection

Effect of Pravastatin on Serum Level of IL-6, Procalcitonin, and Duration to Clinical Improvement in Pneumonia Patients

Jan Yanto Lydwines Purba,1,2 Reviono,1 Suradi,1 Harsini,1 Jatu Aphridasari1 1. Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 2. Program Pasca Sarjana Minat Kedokteran Keluarga Biomedik Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Pneumonia is an inflammatory disease caused by pathogen microbes. Inflamation reaction aimed […]

Correlation Between Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia and Elevated Serum Levels of Lactate Dehydrogenase in HIV

Elizabeth Vania, Tutik Kusmiati Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD Dr. Soetomo, Surabaya Abstract Background: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii. The diagnosis of PCP is difficult since causative organism can not be cultured, and the diagnosis is based […]

Factors Affecting Sputum Conversion in New Cases of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients New Cases with Diabetes Mellitus

Iceu Dimas Kulsum,1 Erlina Burhan,1 Rochismandoko2 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta 2Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) continues to increase in developing countries where TB is endemic. Immunocompromised due to DM increases the risk of TB infection and delayed […]

Characteristics and Etiology of Pleura Effusion in Arifin Achmad Hospital Pekanbaru

Indra Yovi,1 Dewi Anggraini,2 Suci Ammalia3 1SMF/KJF Pulmonologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, RSUD Arifin Achmad, Riau 2KJF Mikkrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau 3Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Abstract Background: The etiology of pleural effusion is variable, but “unknown etiology”, obtained up to 20% of cases in various studyreports. Patients with pleural effusion require early and proper […]

Accuracy of Urine LAM TB Antigen Test as an Alternative Method of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Diagnosis; Evidence-based Case Report

Hafizh A Boenjamin,1 Ikrar Syahmar,1 Joseph Prasetyo,1Nadim Marchian,1 Theresia Rini,1 Jamal Zaini2 1Program Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Tuberculosis (TB) cases are found in many developing countries, such as Indonesia. The diagnosis of TB still depends on microscopic examination of sputum […]

Bronchiectasis with Sepsis and Respiratory Failure

Farah Fatmawati1, Menaldi Rasmin2 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga, RSUD dr. Soetomo, Surabaya 2 Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Bronchiectasis is diagnosed based on high resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT) image, with specific criteria that the internal diameter of the bronchus […]

The Effect of zinc for 5 Day on endothelin-1, Tumor Necrosis Factor-Α and Clinical Improvement in Patients with Pneumonia

Agung Dewantara, Suradi, Reviono, Ana Rima, Harsini, Jatu Aphridasari Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, RSUD dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Program Pasca Sarjana Minat Kedokteran Keluarga Biomedik Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, RSUD dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Many attempts to find out the prognostic of pneumonia, one off them […]

Conversion Failure at The End of DOTS Intensive Phase among Acid Fast Bacilli Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Reny Setiowati,1 Dumilah Ayuningtyas2 1Rumah Sakit Umum Banten 2Departemen Administrasi Kebijakan Kesehatan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia Abstract Background: Indonesia ranks ninth out of twenty-seven countries which has the burden of multi drug resistance (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) in the world. The failure of conversion in TB patients was one of the contributing factor to anti […]

Plasma suPAR Level and Clinical Characteristics as Predicting Factors for the Result of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Culture in Suspected MDR-TB Patients

Triwahju Astuti,1 Tri Yudani Mardining Raras,2 Dian Nugrahenny,3 Rahadi Widodo1 1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 2Laboratorium Biomedik, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 3Laboratorium Farmakologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya, Malang Abstract Background: In suspected MDR-TB patients with smear AFB remains positive after treatment, the results of mycobacterial culture are not always […]

The Challenge Of Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment With Complications Of Multiple Giant Bullae and Empyema Necessitans On 38 Years Old Female

Ben Ben Irwandi, Parluhutan Siagian Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP H. Adam Malik, Medan Abstract Resistance to tuberculosis (TB) drugs is a formidable obstacle to effective TB care and prevention globally. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis treatment which is exacerbated by multiple giant bullae dan empyema necessitans would add to the […]

Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) of Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment Among TB Patients

Reni,1,2 Tri Yunis Miko Wahyono,1 Yulismar3 1Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia 2Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan 3Perkumpulan Pemberantasan Tuberkulosis Indonesia Wilayah DKI Jakarta Abstract Background: In 2015, Indonesia was ranked 2nd out of 20 countries with the highest tuberculosis patients in the world. Long term exposure to anti-tuberculosis medication and polypharmacy increase risk of ADR […]

Effect of Omega 3 Fatty Acids to Procalcitonin Concentration and Survival of Clinical Community Pneumonia Patient

Susanto Eko Prasetyo,1 Reviono,2 Suradi2 1 Mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis I Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta 2 Staff Pengajar Program Pendidikan Dokter Spesialis I Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: Diagnosis of pneumonia will be fast if using biomarkers such as procalcitonin. The main objective […]

Profile of Patients Coinfected TB – HIV

Made Agustya Darma Putra Wesnawa, I Nyoman Nama Putra Bagian/SMF Paru RSUD Buleleng Abstract Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is common in patient with HIV infection. Clinical symptoms, acid fast bacilli, chest radiography are often unspecific for TB. Aim of this study was to describe TB-HIV coinfection patients according to clinical symptoms, acid fast bacilli, chest radiography, […]

Primary Resistant Tuberculosis Cases in Health Care Facility

Asmalina,1 Parluhutan Siagian,2 Rina Yunita,3 Zainuddin Amir,2 Tetty Aman Nasution3 1Magister Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan 3Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara Abstract Background: Cases of resistance becomes a problem for the prevention and control of […]

Smoking Effect to Sputum Conversion of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients Category I

Masdewi Wahyuni,1 Zainuddin Amir,2 Rina Yunita,3 Widi Rahardjo,2 Alwinsyah Abidin4 1Ilmu Kedokteran Tropis, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik, Medan 3Departemen Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP Haji Adam Malik Medan, 4Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP […]

Combating Tuberculosis in Disaster Affected Areas: Lesson Learnt from Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Phenomenon after 8 Years of Tsunami in Aceh

Tristia Rinanda,1 Mulyadi2 1Bagian Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala 2Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala Abstract The tsunami on December 26, 2004 has provided a tremendous impact for the people of Aceh. One of the real impacts of the disaster was an increase in mortality and morbidity of infectious diseases, […]

Interleukin-10-1082G/A Gene Polymorphism as a Potential Host Susceptibility Factor in Patients with Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis

Novita Eva Sawitri,1 Reviono,1 Suradi,1 Afiono Agung Prasetyo2 1Bagian Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RSUD Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta 2Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: This study was conducted to determine the association between polymorphism of interleukin (IL)-10 -1082G/A gene on susceptibility of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Polymorphism […]

The Association of N-Acetylcysteine Administration with the Level of Glutathion, Interferon Gamma and Body Mass Index in Pulmonary TB Patients

Reviono, Suradi, Sukarti Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Background: The levels of glutathione (GSH) and IFN-γ are low in pulmonary TB patients. Administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) can increase intracellular GSH levels and IFN-γ, so that can inhibit the growth of M. tuberculosis. Methods: This study was clinical trial […]

Comparison Acid Fast Bacilli Smear Microscopy Examination with Xpert MTB/RIF in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Who Suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Sukara Safril Kusuma Jaya¹, Erlina Burhan¹, Rochsismandoko², Cahyarini³ ¹Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ²SMF Penyakit Dalam, Divisi Metabolik dan Endokrin, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ³SMF Mikrobiologi, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Background: The relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has long been known. People with DM have […]

Knowledge of Private General Practitioners About Management of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Pekanbaru

Indra Yovi¹, Dewi Anggraini², Dede Yolla Maulidya³, Mutiara Dwi Murni³, Putri Bella Wijaya³, Widya Putri³, Zhana Daisya Triani³ ¹Bagian Paru, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau, RSUD Arifin Achmad Provinsi Riau ²Bagian Mikrobiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau ³Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Abstract Background: Indonesia is a country with the forth high burden pulmonary tuberculosis cases world […]

Relationship of Microbiological Indoor Air Quality with Acute Respiratory Infection of Under Five Children

Dian Rosdiana, Ema Hermawati Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia Abstract Background: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is a mean cause of mortality and morbidity infection diseases in the world. It ranked first in Indonesia of mortality and morbodity since two decades. The objective of this study is to assess […]

Atypical Pneumonia Caused by Mycoplasma Pneumoniae

Dewi Wijaya¹, Diah Handayani¹, Cahyarini², Feni Fitriani Taufik¹ ¹Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ²SMF Mikrobiologi, RS Persahabatan Jakarta Abstract Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) is a common respiratory pathogen that resulted diseases of varied severity ranging from mild upper respiratory tract infection to severe atypical pneumonia. It is a […]

Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Agung Wijayanto¹, Erlina Burhan¹, Arifin Nawas¹, Rochsismandoko² ¹Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta ²Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam, RS Persahabatan, Jakarta Abstract Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is estimated to be 366 million by 2030, with the fastest increase in low and middle income countries. Approximately one-third of the world […]

Serum Interleukin 10 and Interleukin 17 Levels During 6 Months of Oral Antituberculosis Treatment in Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Correlation with Successful Treatment

Fitri Emizola¹, Yani Jane Sugiri¹, Teguh Rahayu Sartono¹, Harun Al Rasyid² ¹Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya ²Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya Abstract Background: This study aimed to evaluate the change of IL-10 and IL-17 plasma levels in smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients during oral antituberculosis treatment. Methods: […]

Risk Factors of Nonpneumonia Acute Respiratory Infections among Underfive Children in Magersari Health Center, Magelang Capital

Ema Fiki Munaya, Sri Tjahyani Budi Utami Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia Abstract Background: National health data showed that the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) increased every years. In 2013, Central Java Province was the seventh position with the highest number of patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI). The incidence of […]