Category archives for Lung Infection

Relations beetwen Social Capital and Tuberculosis Case Detection Rate Achievement of Health Care Centre in Karanganyar Regency

Reviono, Suradi, Mulyono Adji, Endang Sutisna Sulaeman Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Abstract Background: Karanganyar regency never reached the national target of tuberculosis case detection rate (CDR) of 70%. Social capital is social ties and strength of individuals in the community to achieve common goals. The objective is to […]

An Association between Vitamin D levels in Blood and Pulmonary Tuberculosis Cases

Jon Pangarapan Saragih, Bintang Sinaga, Zainuddin Amir Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, RSUP H. Adam Malik, Medan Abstract Background: Vitamin D is known to have an important role in macrophage activation and the subsequent restriction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth, and it has been implicated as a risk factor for […]

Antibiotic Resistance and Length of Hospitalization in Patients with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Dina Okfina Ria, Suradi, Reviono, Jatu Aphridasari, Maryani Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Backgrounds: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a health problem in the world. Morbidity and mortality of patients with COPD associated with frequent exacerbations. Exacerbation triggers many clinical conditions affecting long hospitalization. Resistance to […]

Determinant of Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (AECOPD)

Sri Hartati Handayani, Suradi, Reviono, Yusup Subagyo, Maryani Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta Abstract Backgrounds: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major health problem in the community. Bacterial and viral infections increasing frequency of new bacterial strain exacerbations. The presence of bacterial colonization in the airways increased […]

Development and Validation of In-house PCR (hPCR) for the Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Radita Ning Anggraeny¹, Maelita Ramdani Moeis¹, Lidya Chaidir² ¹Bioteknologi, Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati, ITB ²Unit Penelitian Kesehatan, Universitas Padjajaran Abstract Backgrounds: Detection of tuberculosis (TB) using Acid Fast Bacteria (AFB) method lacks sensitivity, while culture is time consuming. The purpose of this study was to develope and validate hPCR assay as the recommended method […]

Clinical Characteristic of Fiberoptic Bronchoscopy Procedure in Pulmonary Diseases in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta

Agung Setiadi, Ana Rima, Jatu Aphridasari, Yusup Subagyo Sutanto Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, Rs Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Bronchoscopy is a common invasive diagnostical procedure in clinical respiratory practice.This study described characteristic of patients who had performed fiberoptic bronchoscopy in Dr. Moewardi hospital. Methods: This study design was retrospective descriptive […]

Correlation between Tuberculosis Sequelae with 6 Minute Walking Test in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis Sequelae

Azzaky, Bambang Sigit Riyanto, IkaTrisnawati, Barmawi Hisyam, Sumardi, Eko Budiono, Heni Retnowulan Sub Bagian Penyakit Paru Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gajah Mada, RSUP Dr. Sardjito, Yogyakarta Abstract Background: Tuberculosis (TB) often result in diffuse fibrosis in the lung tissue, resulting in decreased lung function as a whole. Functional walking test, for example the six minute walking test […]

Evaluation of Empirical Treatment Response in Hospitalized Patient Community Acquired Pneumonia

Fikri Faisal, Erlina Burhan, Wahju Aniwidyaningsih, Aria Kekalih Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RS Persahabatan Jakarta Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia Abstract Background: Pneumonia is the first leading disease with the highest mortality in hospitalized patients. The purpose of this study are to determine treatment responsse for the empirical […]

Relationship between Procalcitonin Concentration with Etiology of Community Acquired Pneumonia Patients

Desi Susyanti, Taufik, Oea Khairsyaf, Irvan Medison Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas, RS Dr. M. Djamil Padang Abstract Background: Antibiotic overuse for community acquired pneumoia (CAP) is associated with drug resistance and hospital-acquired infection. It is important to distinguish bacterial pneumonia from non-bacterial pneumonia to less antibiotic overuse. Procalcitonin (PCT) test could identify bacterial […]

Common Causes of Pleural Effusion in Hospitalized Patient

Eddy Surjanto, Yusup Subagyo Sutanto, Jatu Aphridasari, Leonardo Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret, RS Dr. Moewardi, Surakarta Abstract Background: Pleural effusion is abnormal accumulation of pleural fluid in pleural cavity, which is caused by excessive transudation or exudation from pleural surface and complication of various diseases. The aim of this […]

Characteristics of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis patients in Programmatic Management of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis at Adam Malik Hospital, Medan

Bintang Yinke Magdalena Sinaga Abstract Background : Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is a problem for TB prevention and eradication. Programmatic management of drug-resistant TB (PMDT) is a program for MDR TB. The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion and characteristic of MDR TB patients at PMDT programme in Adam Malik Hospital, Medan, Indonesia. Methods […]

Oxidative Stress Study: Malondialdehyde Levels and Superoxide Dismutase Activity in Minimal and Advanced Lesion Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Yunita Eka Wati, Nunuk Sri Muktiati, Triwahju Astuti Abstract Background : Oxidative stress plays an important role in pathogenesis of many diseases. Many studies established free radicals involvement in pulmonary TB progression. Currently clinicians use chest X-ray to describe extend of lesion in pulmonary TB and administered first category antituberculosis drug for minimal lesion pulmonary […]

Streptomycin and Incidence of Hearing Loss in Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Reviono, Widayanto, Harsini, Jatu Aphridasari, Yusup Subagio Sutanto Abstract Background: Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is known as threatening and challenging community health problem worldwide. Treatment of MDR TB is difficult because it needs higher cost, longer treatment period, and more adverse events than drug-sensitive TB. Hearing loss is a major adverse event due to […]

Development of Treatment Plan for Infants with Acute Respiratory Infection in Integrated Health Care for Maternal and Infant in a Sociocultural Context

Prasenohadi, Rini Sekartini, Hervita Diatri, Enie Novieastari Abstract Background : Acute respiratory tract infections (ARI) are a leading cause of death both in infants and children under five years of age. ARI has a characteristic of a pandemic, nevertheless has received less attention and it needs to be addressed among all sectors. Indonesia has a […]

Tracheostomy in Post Tuberculosis Tracheal Stenosis with Tracheal Stent Granulation

Nur Janah, Menaldi Rasmin, Boedi Swidarmoko Abstract A 31 years old pregnant woman with 28 weeks gestation age admitted to hospital with chief complaint of worsening dyspnea within 1 week. She has been living well with tracheal stent since 2007 due to post tuberculosis tracheal stenosis and now with acid fast bacilli negative. Bronchoscopy evaluation […]

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis

Jamal Zaini Abstract Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillorsis (ABPA) is a hypersensitivity disorder induced by a fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in the lung, although the precise mechanism need further exploration, this clinical entity mostly found in difficult asthma or cystic fibrosis with the prevalence around 7-18 % in asthmatics and 5-10% in cystic fibrosis. The diagnosis is based […]

Sensitivity and Specificity of Acid Fast Bacilli Smear from Induced Sputum and Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL) in Diagnosis of Negative Acid Fast Bacilli Tuberculosis

Eva Sri Diana, Wiwien Heru Wiyono, Boedi Swidarmoko, Arifin Nawas Abstract Background : Some cases of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases that are being treated in our country are with negative acid fast bacilli (AFB sputum smear and culture). Acid fast bacilli (AFB) microscopy and conventional Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) culture from sputum remain the cornerstone for […]

Characteristics and Evaluations of Illness of Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis With and Without Diabetes Mellitus

Risky Akaputra, Erlina Burhan, Arifin Nawas Abstract Background : Approximately 500.000 new cases of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) in the worldwide. One study found diabetes mellitus (DM) as a contributing factor to develop MDR TB. Diabetes mellitus is known as risk factor to reactivation, late conversion and more complication during tuberculosis treatment. In this […]

Comparison of Clinical, Radiological Finding and Culture Conversion of Diabetic and Non Diabetic Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Patients in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Reviono, Indah Juliana, Harsini, Jatu Aphridasari, Yusup Subagio Sutanto Abstract Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for tuberculosis and may modify its presenting features. There is good evidence that DM makes a substansial contribution to TB incidence. Considering the contradictory results of the previous studies, this study was conducted for further investigation, […]

Viral Co-infection in Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP): A Cross Sectional Study

Meli Yusanti, Oea Khairsyaf, Irvan Medison Abstract Background : Viral is one of infectious organism in community acquired pneumonia (CAP), however it can’t be detected by conventional microbiological test. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test has ability to identify viral on naso-oropharingeal swab in patient with CAP. Methods : It is a prospective cross sectional study. […]

Characteristic of Empyema in Dr. Moewardi Hospital

Eddy Surjanto, Yusup Subagio Sutanto, Harsini, Yunita Puspitasari Abstract Background : Bacterial infection is a major cause of empyema. The empiric treatment must given as soon as possible before definite treatment. Therefore, we must assess the most common organisms and the most sensitive antibiotics. The objective is to study the age-sex profile, symptomatology, microbiologic findings, […]

Surgery in Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis, Emphasized in the Preventing of Disease Transmision to the Environment: Case Study in Persahabatan Hospital

Panji Utomo, Susan Hendriarini Mety, Agung Wibawanto Abstract The burden of tuberculosis in Indonesia has become more emerging and challenging with the increasing number of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) and the extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB). The XDR TB is defined as resistance to at least rifampicin and isoniazid (which is the definition […]

Diabetes Mellitus and Its Problems in Tuberculosis Infection

Dyah Retno Wulandari, Yani Jane Sugiri Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of active tuberculosis (TB) infection by 3.11 times. With the increase in the pandemic, which 80% DM in TB endemic areas, the TB will be a problem in the future. Although the incidence rate of TB has decreased, but still not reached […]

Analysis of Serum Level of ESAT-6 Antibody in Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Emelia Afif, Taufik, Irvan Medison Abstract Background : The diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis is still become a great problem, because the majority of pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis is established with negative AFB smears. A number of new methods has been developed to establish the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis which one of them is serologic test. The […]

Validity of PSI and CURB-65 Severity Scoring System and Mortality in Community Acquired Pneumonia at Dr.Saiful Anwar Hospital Malang

Fauzijah Sri Rahmawati, Yani Jane Sugiri, Sanarto Santoso, Asri Maharani Abstract Background : Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains as a significant problem in healthcare. Decision to admit the patient become a serious attention. This has led to the development of prognostic scoring system aimed at assisting in risk stratification of patients presenting with CAP. The aim […]