The Agreement Compatibility Level of Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) and POT.TB in Detecting Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI) in Diabetic Mellitus (DM)

Pribadi M Sebayang, Reviono Reviono, Supriyanto Kartodarsono


Background: The lifetime risk of TB reactivation develops within the first 5 years after initial infection. Good LTBI management helps in preventing the progression of the disease to be active. It is recommended in countries with a low prevalence of TB infection and high risk populations such as DM patients. The diagnosis of LTBI is done by examining TST and T-SPOT.TB. This study aimed to determine the correspondence between TST and T-SPOT.TB in detecting LTBI in DM patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in DM patients treated in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta in September 2018. The study subjects received TST by injecting intradermal PPD RT 23 2TU intradermally, and T-SPOT.TB by taking 6 ml of venous blood examined with ELISPOT method. Statistical analysis used SPSS21 for windows.
Results: There were 30 subjects. The prevalence of LTBI was 20%. The correspondence between TST and T-SPOT.TB was substantial (K=0.667, p<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of TST and T-SPOT.TB were 14.3% and 100%, as well as 23.8% and 88.9% respectively. HbA1c level, history of TB contact and BCG scar were not significantly correlated with TST, meanwhile TB contact history was the only risk factor correlated with T-SPOT.TB.
Conclusion: TST examination has good compatibility with T-SPOT.TB. Therefore, it is recommended in low socio-economic countries. Early detection for LTBI is necessary in DM patients due to its possibility of reactivation. T-SPOT.TB has better specificity, but lower sensitivity than TST so it can be used to diagnose TB infection in DM patients.


LTBI, TST, T-SPOT.TB, HbA1c, Diabetic


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