Nurfitriani Usman,1 Faisal Yunus,1 Tribowo Tuahta Ginting2
1Departemen Pulmonologi dan Kedokteran Respirasi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta
2Departemen Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan, Jakarta
Background: Patients with COPD typically elderly, have comorbid diseases and their significant relations with their smoking history. One of the most frequent comorbid in COPD and rarely considered is depression. Various studies have reported prevalence of depression in COPD between 16-74%, but there is no data on the prevalence of depression in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in Indonesia and the influencing factors.
Methods: The study was conducted with observational cross-sectional design in 101 stable mild to very severe degree COPD patients in Persahabatan Hospital Jakarta on February–March 2012. Interview used Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Version ICD-10 (MINI ICD-10) performed on subjects who met the inclusion criteria. The data were analyzed using descriptive and multivariate processed to look at the relationship between variables.
Results: There were 16 (15,8%) of 101 COPD patients who were diagnosed with depression. The age group of 60 – 69 years old, lower education, retired, lower income, current smoker, COPD with grade III and severe dyspnea scale become risk factors for depression. However, only severe dyspnea degree and lower income were statistically significant as risk factors for depression.
Conclusion: Study found that the prevalence of depression in patients with mild to very severe degree COPD was 15,8% and severe dyspnea degree and lower income to be risk factors for depression. (J Respir Indo. 2016; 36: 204-15)
Keywords: COPD, Depression, MINI ICD-10