Wiadnyana IPGP, Susanto AD, Amri Z, Antariksa B. J Respir Indones. 2010;30(1).
Background: Taxi Driver is an unique profession because of the wide environment, the long hours working duration, the fluctuative wages, and the accidental risks. About 60% taxi’s accidents in Company X were caused by sleepy conditions. Sleepy conditions may be caused by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Some factors that increase the prevalence of suspected OSA, like obesity and hypertension were founded among the taxi drivers in this company.
Method: This study was conducted with cross sectional design. The data was collected from November until Desember 2008 in Pool X Taxi, South Jakarta. Data collection used Berlin’s Questionnaire and Physical examinations (blood pressure, weight, hight, neck circumference) to 280 drivers.
Result: This research showed that there are 25%, it’s mean 70 respondents from 280 respondents have suspected OSA. Prevalence of suspected OSA among taxi’s drivers is caused by several factors. The factors are Body Mass Index (BMI) > 25 (adjusted OR 4.29, p < 0.001, 95% CI 2.04 – 9.05), snooring historical in family (adjusted OR 2,34, p < 0.001, 95% CI 1.45 – 3.78), neck circumference > 40 cm (adjusted OR 3.37, p 0.002, 95% CI 1.58 – 7.19), age > 36 years old (adjusted OR 2.47, p 0.027, 95% CI 1.11 – 5.48) and high work schedule (adjusted OR 3.07, p 0.016, 95% CI 1.23 – 7.66).
Conclusion: This research has founded that there are 25%, it’s mean 70 respondents from 280 respondents have suspected OSA. Prevalence of suspected OSA among taxi’s drivers correlate with BMI > 25, snooring historical in family, neck circumference > 40 cm, age > 36 years old and high work schedule.
Keywords: Taxi drivers, suspected OSA, Berlin’s Questionnaire, OSA, obstructive sleep apnea