Rope Jumping and Tabata Exercise Effect on Lung Function and Physical Fitness Index

Stella Tinia Hasianna, Oeij Anindita Adhika, Kartika Dewi, Adra Taufiqah, Ajeng Mira Ayuningsih


Background: Routine physical exercise is often used as an intervention to improve lung function and optimal lung function will improve physical fitness. This study aimed to examine the effect of rope jumping and Tabata exercise in lung function as represented in Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second (FEV1), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) and physical fitness index. Methods: This is an analytic comparative experimental study with pretest and posttest design, involving 60 adult male, separated into 2 groups, which are rope jumping or Tabata exercise for 2 weeks period. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine of Maranatha Christian University Bandung in December 2017 to September 2018. The measured data were FEV1 and FVC using spirometry; and physical fitness index using Harvard Step Test. Data with normal distribution was analyzed using paired T Test, data with abnormal distribution using Mann-Whitney Test, and between group analysis using unpaired T Test. Result: We found a significant increase in FEV1 (P=0.017) but not FVC (P=0.151) in rope jumping grup, and a significant increase in FEV1 (P=0.010) and FVC (P=0.014) in Tabata exercise group. Both physical fitness index in rope jumping group and Tabata exercise group increase significantly (P=0.0005). There are no significant difference between rope jumping and Tabata exercise group in the effect towards FEV1 (P=0.853), FVC (P=0.876) and physical fitness (P=0.545). Conclusion: Rope jumping and Tabata exercise increase lung function and physical fitness index.


VEP1; KVP; jumping rope; tabata exercise; physical fitness index


Warburton DER, Bredin SSD. Reflections on physical activity and health: what should we recommend? Can J Cardiol. 2016 Apr 1;32(4):495–504.

Kemenkes RI. Strategi nasional penerapan pola konsumsi makanan dan aktivitas fisis untuk mencegah penyakit tidak menular. 2011 [cited 2020 November 20]. Available from

Marangoz İ, Burak Aktug Z, Çelenk Ç, Top E, Eroglu H, Akil M. The comparison of the pulmonary functions of the individuals having regular exercises and sedentary individuals. Biomed Res. 2016;27(2):357–9.

Esteban C, Quintana JM, Aburto M, Moraza J, Egurrola M, Pérez-Izquierdo J, et al. Impact of changes in physical activity on health-related quality of life among patients with COPD. Eur Respir J. 2010 Aug;36(2):292–300.

Hall J, Guyton A. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 13th ed. Elsevier. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016.

Dharmesh P, Nikita M. Study of physical fitness iindex with modified harvard step test in medical students. Int J Sci Res. 2013;4(7):1215–7.

Partavi S. Effect of 7 weeks of rope jump training on cardiovascular endurance,speed,and agility in middle school student boys. Sport Sci. 2013;6(2):40–3.

Hyuk-Ki C, Sung-Ki K, Dong-Il S. Effects of group music rope-jumping on body composition, fitness and serum lipid in obese elementary school boys and girls. J Korean Public Heal Nurs. 2011;25(1):38–47.

Arazi H, Jalali-Fard A, Abdinejad H. A comparison of two aerobic training methods (running vs rope jumping) on health-related physical fitness in 10 to 12 years old boys A-Study Design B-Data Collection C-Statistical Analysis D-Manuscript Preparation E-Funds Collection. Phys Act Rev. 2016;4:9–17.

Emberts T, Porcari J, Doberstein S, Steffen J, Foster C. Exercise intensity and energy expenditure of a tabata workout. J Sport Sci Med. 2013;12(3):612–3.

Thompson WR, Robinson LE, Aragon Vargas LF, Brawner CA, Cole C. Now trending: worldwide survey of fitness trends for 2014. ACSMs Health Fit J. 2013;17(6):10–20.

Menz V, Semsch M, Mosbach F, Burtscher M. Cardiorespiratory effects of one-legged high-intensity interval training in normoxia and hypoxia: A pilot study. J Sport Sci Med. 2016;15(2):208–13.

Aagaard M. Rope jumping fitness: The complete guide to jump rope fitness. Denmark: Mattie Studio, Inc; 2012. p.43.

Widiastuti W. Tes dan pengukuran olahraga. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada; 2015. p.35-37.

Citra D, Medison I, Ermayanti SS. The differences of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary impairment between exposure and unexposured areas by dust from Semen Padang factory. J Respirol Indones. 2018 Sep 17;38(3):173–6.

Shashi M, Pankaj G. Effect of aerobics training on pulmonary functions in young male adults of Punjab. Pak J Physiol. 2013;9(2):23–5.

Cheng YJ, Macera CA, Addy CL, Sy FS, Wieland D, Blair SN. Effects of physical activity on exercise tests and respiratory function. Br J Sports Med. 2003;37(6):521–8.

Mohammadizadeh MA, Ghanbarzadeh M, Habibi A, Shakeryan S, Nikbakht M. The Effect of High Intensity Interval Exercise in High / Low Temperatures on Exercise-Induced Bronchoconstriction (EIB) in Trained Adolescent Males. Tanaffos.2013;12(3):29–43.

Dunham C, Harms CA. Effects of high-intensity interval training on pulmonary function. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012;112(8):3061–8.

Saanijoki T, Nummenmaa L, Eskelinen JJ, Savolainen AM, Vahlberg T, Kalliokoski KK, et al. Affective Responses to Repeated Sessions of High-Intensity Interval Training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;47(12):2604–11.

Olson M. Tabata: It’s a HIIT!. ACSM’s Health and Fitness Journal. 2014;18(5):17–24.

Gerard J. Tortora BD. Exercise and The Heart. In: Principles of Anatomy & Physiology. 14th Ed. United States of America: Wiley; 2014.p.716.

Orhan S. The Effects of Rope Training on Heart Rate, Anaerobic Power and Reaction Time of the Basketball Players. Life Sci J. 2013;10(4s):266–71.

Karstoft K, Winding K, Knudsen SH, Nielsen JS, Thomsen C, Pedersen BK, et al. The effects of free-living interval-walking training on glycemic control, body composition, and physical fitness in type 2 diabetic patients: a randomized, controlled trial. Diabetes Care. 2013 Feb;36(2):228–36.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Stella Tinia Hasianna, Oeij Anindita Adhika, Kartika Dewi, Adra Taufiqah, Ajeng Mira Ayuningsih


SINTA Garuda Indonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD) Indonesia One Search (IOS) Crossref

ROAD-ISSN Dimensions Google Scholar 


Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
pISSN: 0853-7704 - eISSN: 2620-3162
Address: Jalan Cipinang Bunder No. 19, Cipinang, Pulogadung, Jakarta Timur, DKI Jakarta 13240, Indonesia
Phone: +62-21-2247-4845

An official publication by
the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License