Clinical Profile of COVID-19 Patients from March 2020 to March 2021 in Abepura Regional General Hospital (RSUD Abepura), Papua

Yenny Belinda Jioe, Helena Pakiding, Nancye Lorein, Dessy Yuliana, Febrianti Manga Mangontan, Fergina Stefany Berhitu


Background: SARS-COV-2 infection has widely spread and caused high morbidity and mortality rates. Despite more than one year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, there is no scientific report regarding COVID-19 from Papua. This study aims to assess the clinical profile of COVID-19 patients in Abepura Regional General Hospital (RSUD Abepura), Papua.

Methods: We retrospectively recorded patients' age, sex, race, comorbidities, admitting and principal diagnoses, length of stay (LOS), and outcome (deceased/discharged) from the medical records from March 2020 to March 2021. Categorical data were described in frequencies and percentage, while numerical data were described in mean±SD or median and IQR. We analyzed the association between independent variables (age, sex, race, comorbidities, and diagnoses) with LOS and mortality rate.

Results: We included 461 patients (58.6% female) with a median age of 36.90 (26.35-49.35) years who were hospitalized for 17 (12-25) days, in which 5.4% mortality occurred. Overall COVID-19 patients were dominated by non-Papuan race (75%). The most frequent comorbidities were hypertension (19.1%), electrolyte imbalance (10.2%), and diabetes (10.0%). Increased mortality rates were significantly associated with older age (≥65 years), cerebrovascular conditions, hypertension, coronary heart disease, liver disease, diabetes, and electrolyte imbalance (P<0.05). Moreover, several comorbidities, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes and electrolyte imbalance, and a principal diagnosis of critical COVID-19, were associated with a significantly shorter period of LOS (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Mortality and LOS due to COVID-19 in RSUD Abepura, Papua, are influenced by older age and several comorbidities.


comorbidity, coronavirus, COVID-19, length of stay, mortality, SARS-COV-2

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Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
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