Clinical Profile and Treatment Evaluation of Rifampicin-Resistant and Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Patients at Dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Public Hospital, Balikpapan

Randy Adiwinata, Josephine Rasidi, Maurits Marpaung

Abstract


Background: Rifampicin-resistant (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) remains a major health problem worldwide and
in Indonesia also become a challenge in total eradication of tuberculosis. Dr. Kanujoso Djatiwibowo Public Hospital (RSKD) Balikpapan
is one of the two referral hospitals in East Kalimantan for evaluation and initiation of MDR-TB treatment. The objective of this study is to
evaluate clinical profile and treatment of RR-TB and MDR-TB patients at RSKD.
Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using data from eTB manager database and medical record of RR-TB and
MDR-TB at RSKD from January 2013 to October 2016.
Results: Twenty eight RR-TB and MDR-TB patients, most of them were female (53.6%), belong to 35-44 age group (28.6%), housewife
(25%), graduated from senior high school (42,9%), malnutrition (28.6%), and relapse cases (50%). Diabetes mellitus and anemia were
found in 42,9% and 44.4% of the patients, respectively. The most resistant pattern is rifampicin-resistant TB (57,1%) followed by rifampicin
and isoniazid resistant. The most common side effect of TB treatment was gastrointestinal complaints (44.4%). The success rate of MDRTB
treatment at RSKD was 20%, followed by 20% mortality, 50% of lost to follow up, 10% of treatment failure, and there are 8 patients still
ongoing therapy.
Conclusion: Most of the RR-TB and MDR-TB cases were relapse cases. Counseling, education, and support for the patients undergoing MDR-TB
treatment are strongly needed to increase success rate and decreasing number of lost to follow up.

Keywords


Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; Rifampicin-resistant; Clinical profile; PMDT; MTPRO

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Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
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